Written by Austin Ayes & Edited by Arowoogun Abiola Ade-Ire

Sleep is a naturally recurring state of mind and body, characterized by altered consciousness. Sleep is important to our overall wellness. The reason why health practitioners prescribe at least between 6 to 8 hours in every 24 hours.

Sleep keeps us healthy and functioning well. It allow your body and brain repair, restore, and reenergizes itself. If you don't get enough sleep, you might experience side effects like poor memory and focus, weakened immunity, and mood changes. Ongoing sleep deficiency is linked to an increased risk of heart disease, kidney disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, and stroke. Therefore, medical practitioners prescribe most adults need 6 to 8 hours of sleep each night.

Meanwhile, it is not the duration of the sleep that matters, but the quality.
Most people do not sleep up to the 6-8 hours daily or find it difficult to get sound sleep within those hours of sleep. This is because they experience sleeping problems which may be as a result of stress, hectic schedules, and other outside influences.

However, when these issues begin to occur on a regular basis and interfere with daily life, they may indicate a sleeping disorder.
Sleep disorder therefore are the conditions that affect the ability to sleep well on a regular basis. Learn about sleep disorder.


The most basic form of treatment is:

1) Getting an adequate amount of sleep, typically 6-8/ 9 hours each night.
2) By treating the symptoms that comes up
3) By treating the underlying cause of the sleep disorders.

Medical treatment for sleep disturbances might include any of the following:
1.) Use of sleeping pills
2.) Use of melatonin supplements
3.) Use of allergy or cold medication
4.) Use of medications for any underlying health issues
5.) Use of breathing device or surgery (usually for sleep apnea)
6.) Use of a dental guard (usually for teeth grinding)

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Lifestyle adjustments can greatly improve your quality of sleep, especially when they are done along with medical advice and treatments as necessary. You may want to consider:

1.) Diet - This can be by incorporating more vegetables, seeds, fruits and fish into your diet and reducing sugar intake

2.) Reducing stress and anxiety,

3.) Exercising and stretching
4.) Creating and sticking to a regular sleeping schedule
5.) Consumption of liquid and caffeinated drinks, as well as less water in the evening time or towards bedtime
6.) Reducing smoking and alcohol consumption
7.) Consumption of smaller low carbohydrate meals before bedtime
8.) Maintaining a healthy weight based on your body mass Index.
9.) Going to bed and waking up at the same time every day can also significantly improve your sleep quality.

Please note that as we tend to want to sleep more on weekends, this can make it more difficult to wake up and fall asleep during the workweek.

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